International Journal of Appreciative Inquiry


Raising the Appreciative Voice

Creative Practices 

In November 2017, I had the privilege of working with Rosemary Bell, Community Development Officer for the City of Toronto Canada and Amanjot Gill, Mental Health and Addictions Clinician originally based in northern British Columbia, Canada. In conjunction with the Toronto Strong Neighbourhoods Strategy 2020, Rosemary and Amanjot were focussed on the co-creation of a Leadership Development Training pilot program for higher education students on placement in areas including: social development, finance and administration. In this issue of AI Practitioner, Rosemary and Amanjot provide an overview of their work with these students as well as further application of an appreciative approach in other settings. 

Keith Storace

Keith is a registered psychologist with the Psychology Board of Australia (PsyBA) and associate fellow with the Australasian College of Health Service Management (ACHSM). He has designed and implemented health and wellbeing frameworks across the community, health and education sectors. Keith’s current focus is on developing his work in Appreciative Dialogue (ApDi) to assist individuals in moving from self-doubt to inspired positive action. 


Rosemary Bell

Rosemary has worked as a community development officer for the City of Toronto since 2003. Since her first exposure to Appreciative Inquiry during a conference in Washington, D.C. she has used it as a facilitative approach integrating it into her community development work. Along with appreciative practice, she also uses asset-based, strength-based, solution-focused and anti-oppressive practices.


Amanjot Gill

From September 2017 to April 2018, Amanjot worked alongside Rosemary Bell in a variety of community-based initiatives including co-creating and co-facilitating placement student workshops while working towards her Masters’ in Social Work. Appreciative Inquiry (AI) has assisted her in developing questions and evaluation sheets and by using the concepts within research. As a newly exposed user of AI she hopes to learn more and integrate AI approaches to evaluation, outcomes and non-profit management.

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Developing Leadership Confidence in Canadian Students

Every fall I get the opportunity to work with new placement students from a variety of educational institutions in the city of Toronto where I work as a Community Development Officer for the municipality. As part of my orientation with them I share the frameworks used in my community development work rolling out the Toronto Strong Neighbourhoods Strategy 2020. These frameworks include: anti-oppression, asset-based, strength-based, solution-focused practices and last but definitely not least, appreciative practice frameworks. As a person who has been working for more than thirty-five years in my field, it is always interesting to dialogue with students about why my practice has evolved and expanded over the years; I am exposed to new approaches that have practical applications in both my professional and personal life. 

In the fall of 2017, Amanjot Gill, a Masters of Social Work candidate from the University of Toronto, joined me for her eight-month practicum placement. She came from the Social Work Leadership and Management stream of the Masters’ program. While she was aware of and using many of the practice frameworks previously mentioned, the appreciative practice framework was new to her. 

One of our joint projects was co-creating and then rolling out a Leadership Development Training pilot program for twenty-four students doing their placements in the social development, finance and administration division. These students came from a diverse list of educational institutions (both colleges and universities) and multiple programs (i.e. social service worker, community worker, Bachelor of Social Work, Master of Social Work, Master of Science in Planning, Urban Studies/Geography, Masters of Environmental studies, etc.) 

From 2017 to 2018 placement students met with us once a month for an afternoon to be trained in a variety of topics (i.e. communications, decision-making at city hall, health and safety, using census data to enhance community work, networking, conflict resolution with stakeholders, working with community not for profit organizations, making the transition from placement to work, etc.) 

We noticed that the students were very quiet over the first few months as we got to know them and each other. We realized that many of them were a little hesitant and unsure of themselves. Their lack of confidence was surprising. They had achieved a placement with the city government, yet some of them felt like imposters who were just waiting for someone to realize that they didn’t belong. 

Managing self-doubt 

It was at this time that I saw an article in the August 2017 issue of AI Practitioner by Keith Storace, a registered psychologist in Melbourne Australia entitled “Appreciative Dialogue: Managing Self-doubt Through Inspirational Discourse”. Keith’s work focused on self-doubt in higher education students. A little voice in my head said reach out and ask for help, so we emailed Keith and asked if he would share his expertise with us. Lucky for us, he said yes. Using Skype and with some careful juggling of time zones, he worked with us in November 2017 to craft a series of questions that focussed on past, present, and future along with developing a workshop specifically targeted toward our group of students. 

On 1 December, 2017, having pre-read the questions Keith had developed, students came prepared to share their reflections in a paired exercise. The questions included the following: 


  • What are all the things you can think of that made your study pathway possible?
  • What is one of the best experiences you can think of that involved working on something with a group of people and what was your role?
  • What was a challenge you experienced in the past that had a positive outcome? What did you do and what did you learn? 


  • If you had one desire for the future in relation to work, what would it be? 
  • How will you know that things are moving in the right direction for you in relation to work?
  • If you could change one thing about yourself, what would it be and how could some of the experiences you mentioned in your answers above help you achieve this change?
  • When we debriefed their discussion in pairs we asked them:
  • What are some of the things that came up in your pairs?
  • What have you learned from sharing your story with your partner that came up in terms of self-doubt?
  • What do you feel you have achieved in life with the strengths and desires that you have? 


  • If you had one desire for the future in relation to work, what would it be? 
  • How will you know that things are moving in the right direction for you in relation to work? 
  • If you could change one thing about yourself, what would it be and how could some of the experiences you mentioned in your answers above help you achieve this change?
  • When we debriefed their discussion in pairs we asked them: 
  • What are some of the things that came up in your pairs? 
  • What have you learned from sharing your story with your partner that came up in terms of self-doubt? 
  • What do you feel you have achieved in life with the strengths and desires that you have? 

(Consultation via Skype with Keith Storace, November 25th 2017) 

We then flip-charted the key themes that came out of this discussion and addressed similarities in their lived experiences. 

Intentional conversation with a positive direction 

Keith describes Appreciative Dialogue (ApDi) as an “intentional conversation with a positive direction” and, as he indicated might happen, we found that by using ApDi to explore student values, experiences and key strengths, it motivated and supported students in working through and beyond their self-doubt. We were able to reinforce with them that: 

  • “Successful careers take planning.” 

  • “There is no failure, only frustration” – If you consider your so-called failure as an inconvenience or frustration, rather than a failure, and use it as part of a personally creative and innovative process, you stand to gain more rather than experiencing it as a loss. 

  • “Self-doubt will not stop you, self-denial will.” – Self-doubt will not necessarily stop you from achieving something whereas self-denial is more likely to prevent the successful outcome you are working towards. This is because, in essence, self-doubt is a feeling and self-denial is behaviour. 

  • “Enter the world of work knowing it is okay not to know everything.” 

    (Consultation via Skype with Keith Storace, November 25th 2017) 

The student process worked so well for us that when we started discussions about our next project in the winter of 2018 on resident engagement, we decided again to use the Appreciative Dialogue (ApDi) approach. A template for a series of one-on-one interviews and focus groups in the Jane and Finch community in northern Toronto was created using the following premises: 

  • Recognizing residents’ individual and collective successes 
  • Emphasizing their experience of what is working well for them, but changing the narrative in discussions and in questions 
  • Validating individuals’ expert knowledge gained from lived experience of community challenges and the solutions to address them 
  • Supporting them to moving toward to their best future 
  • Encouraging them with an opportunity to be creative and innovative through a neighbourhood grants program for residents 

A youth focus group of seventeen participants and a senior focus group of five participants were conducted from March to April of 2018. As well, nine resident interviews with youth, adults and seniors were held. These interviews took place in a variety of spaces in the community of Jane and Finch. 

Sharing hopes and dreams 

We asked residents to share with us their hopes and dreams for their family and community. This community has been studied often and as a result feels violated by the process. We shifted the dynamic by exploring how their ideas, skills and projects are supported in their community. We also asked them what currently works well in their neighbourhood. 

The information we received from residents has been summarized and will be shared with them, other networks and planning tables. The intent is to follow up on the ideas generated and suggestions for more functional ways to provide services, meet needs and shift the stigmatizing narrative by highlighting their community assets. 

From an overall Appreciative Inquiry perspective, we also decided to use an appreciative framework in the design of a workshop formatted to introduce resident neighbourhood grants on 5 April, 2018. At the local library, thirty residents and other stakeholders met one evening to hear about grant processes. Rather than focusing the whole meeting on the “dos” and “don’ts” of application writing we used the 5D approach for our facilitation: 

Definition of the opportunity 

Residents told the City: 

  • We have expert knowledge, gained through lived experience, of the challenges in our communities and we are have the solutions. 
  • We’ve got ideas to make our neighbourhoods stronger, healthier places to live, help us make them happen. 
  • We want our community to reflect the strengths, assets and creative capacity of its residents. 

The City has responded with neighbourhood grants for resident groups. 

Discovery: Appreciate what is already working 

  • What are your best experiences in your community? 
  • What important local wisdom can you share today? 

Dream: Imagine the best version of your community 

  • Share the creative concept/new idea that you need funding to make happen.
  • How will you focus this new opportunity?
  • How will you use your energy to spark positive change in your community? 

Design: The steps needed for your neighbourhood project 

  • Who do you need to build partnerships with?
  • How will you build your budget?
  • How will you reach out to residents and other community members?
  • Where will you hold your event?
  • Have you thought about insurance and/or permits for space?
  • What other things do you need to do? 

In conclusion, Amanjot shared that she will be moving forward with a strong tool and approach that she can use in future work place settings. She said that the use of Appreciative Dialogue with the placement students resulted in a much deeper and meaningful participation from them in workshops and their placement overall, which was reflected in their evaluation surveys. In turn, she used the appreciative lens during her studies in university, recognizing that this was beneficial to both her personal and professional development. 

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