Research Review and Notes Dawn Work

Building a Relational Foundation for Appreciative Inquiry

November 2020
Rate this article


Appreciative Inquiry (AI) models identify diverse ways that AI initiatives may commence. Our Partnerships in Dementia Care Alliance AI early phase experience required a focus on key underlying relational processes, work that we call ‘Dawn,’ before we could begin. We identify and demonstrate these relational processes with examples from the PiDC Alliance culture change work on improving dementia care in diverse long-term and community healthcare settings.


Author: Lorna de Witt, Kimberly Lopez, Sherry L. Dupuis, Carrie McAiney, Jenny Ploeg and Jennifer Carson

Lorna de Witt

Lorna de Witt PhD RN is an associate professor in the Faculty of Nursing, University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada. Through application of diverse qualitative methodologies, her current research interests include relational care of persons with dementia and their families, long-term care home compliance with legislation, and diversity and aging. Contact:

Kimberly Lopez

Kimberly Lopez is an assistant professor in Recreation and Leisure Studies at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. She is interested in critically examining social structures that reinforce marginalisation. As a community-engaged researcher, she values working collaboratively and creatively to amplify Othered meanings of identity, leisure, labour, care, aging, and well-being. Contact:

Sherry L. Dupuis

Sherry L Dupuis, PhD, is a professor in Recreation and Leisure Studies and co-director of the Partnerships in Dementia Care Alliance at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. She uses critical participatory action research and arts-based methodologies to promote personal transformation and social change in dementia and long-term care. Contact:

Carrie McAiney

Carrie McAiney is an associate professor in the School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, Schlegel Research Chair in Dementia and Scientific Director of the Murray Alzheimer Research and Education Program at the Schlegel-UW Research Institute for Aging. Carrie is also Co-Director of the PiDC Alliance. Contact:

Jenny Ploeg

Dr. Jenny Ploeg is a full professor in the School of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, and associate member in the Department of Health, Aging and Society, McMaster University. She is the scientific director of the Aging, Community and Health Research Unit, with funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Contact:

Jennifer Carson

Jennifer Carson, PhD, director of the Dementia Engagement, Education and Research (DEER) Program, School of Community Health Sciences, University of Nevada Reno, currently works with tribal, rural and urban communities as Director of Dementia Friendly Nevada, and provides inter-professional education across Nevada as part of a HRSA Geriatrics Workforce Enhancement Program grant. Contact:

All articles of this author


There are no reviews yet.

Leave a comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *